Self-driving cars always fascinated the users and automotive manufacturers. For the recent few years, we have seen humongous progress in autonomous driving. Tesla, Honda, Google, and many other automobile manufacturers are in a race to introduce a completely self-driving car. Many self-driving cars are being tested for the launch, and the CEO of Ford has predicted that entirely self-driving cars will be available for public till 2030. The growth of self-driving cars is going to have an impact on all other industries, too, including every sector of life. AI and Self-Driving Cars When it comes to autonomous cars, it is impossible not to mention the use of AI. Complex algorithms of AI empower autonomous cars to navigate through streets, traffic, and other complex situations. The use of other assistive technologies like IoT, camera, and sensors made the job easier, and the efficiency of self-driving cars improved for public use. Artificial Intelligence for Autonomous Car Safety Companies have been trying to launch fully automated vehicles where the driver is no longer a requirement. AI uses the data and information from the surroundings to analyze and decide the best course of action while going through complex and complicated roads. The unpredictability of humans on the road requires autonomous cars to be efficient enough to avoid any kind of damage or incident on the road. AI can help to improve the safety of the automobile, and safety may include: • Emergency control of the car • Detection of factors in the surroundings • Following and understanding the traffic signals • Applying brakes and other security protocols in case of emergency • Monitoring of blind spots What are Autonomous Driving Cars? Self-driving car manufacturers aim to introduce vehicles that require little or no intervention of human beings. Self-driving cars use different kinds of technologies and sensors to detect and predict their surroundings. Cars with autonomous driving use the latest technologies like artificial intelligence, sensors, software, and connectivity to operate with the least human interaction. From the concept of self-driving cars to this date, there have been several upgrades and changes in the automotive sector: Level 0: Fully manual cars that we see on the road these days Level 1: Hands-on cars with a little touch of auto gear shifting Level 2: Vehicles that have auto acceleration and steering functionalities Level 3: Cars can identify the changes in the environment or road but still need human intervention Level 4: Where cars can control essential functions, still under development level Level 5: Cars will be able to operate everything automatically in complex situations and environments, these cars are supposed to be available till 2030 Conclusion Fully automated cars might take some time as all major car manufacturing companies are trying to take the lead in the autonomous cars manufacturing. As there are not any rules and regulations about the public use of autonomous cars, so, most of the states don’t allow automated cars on the road. Nevada was the first state of America to legalize the use of automated cars on public roads. The upcoming years are going to change the face of the earth with the boom of automated cars.